Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year. It is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve, and a day of judgment and coronation of G‑d as king.
If the year is a train, the High Holidays (AKA High Holy Days) are its engine. A delicate blend of joy and solemnity, feasting and fasting, prayer and inspiration make up the spiritually charged head of the Jewish year.
Eighteen is the numerical equivalent of the letters י"ח, which when inverted form the Hebrew word chai (“alive”). Thus the Eighteenth of Elul is commonly referred to as Chai Elul.
Elul is not just the pre-festive month. If you skip Elul and don’t give it any special attention, you might suddenly find yourself unprepared at Rosh Hashanah. Just like Friday prepares for the coming Shabbat, so too, Elul, the sixth month from Nisan, is an essential preparation for the seventh month of Tishrei in particular, and for the coming year in general.
There are seven practices unique to this month that put us on the path to a good and sweet new year.
Tu B'Av: the greater the descent, the greater the ascent
There are few more blazing passages in the whole of religious literature than the first chapter of the book of Isaiah, the great “vision,” chazon, that gives its name to the Shabbat before Tisha B’Av, the saddest day of the Jewish year.
The Book of Eichah is read on Tisha B'Av. Join Chabad.org’s presenters for classes that examine the text, context, message, and meaning of the Book of Eichah
Tammuz (Tamuz) is the fourth of the 12 months of the Jewish calendar, counting from Nisan. The month of Tammuz begins the “season” of the summer. The three months of this season are Tammuz, Av and Elul. In it is 3rd Tammuz, yahrzeit of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, 12th-13th Tammuz, the day when the Freidike Rebbe was released from prison and also 17th Tammuz which marks the beginning of the destruction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem
The Lubavitcher Rebbe—Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson, of righteous memory—passed away on the third day of the Jewish month of Tammuz in the year 5754 from creation (June 12, 1994).
Traditionally, this is a day for reflection, learning, prayer, re-commitment and, above all, positive action.
This year 3rd Tammuz is observed on Shabbos, Jul 6,2019